There are a wide variety of styles and designs when it comes to belt sanders. The belt sander is quite different from the pedestal style of grinder. The pedestal grinder is made with grinding wheels that are solid, whereas the belt sander has a belt that has a flexible, medium grinding belt. The belt style of sanders also have the ability of removing smaller quantities of materials, such as plastic, wood or metal. The best feature of the belt sander as opposed to the pedestal style is the fact that softer metals like aluminum, copper and brass can also be ground without damaging the disk or belt.
Vertical Belt Sanders
There are a couple of types of vertical belt sanders. One with a ventilation system and one without. They both use a revolving belt that can hold various widths of belts on continuously spinning of vertical drums, but one of them has adjustable tension and one is stationary. Both of these types of sanders are great for grinding materials closer to the edges and also for removing burrs. Vertical types of belt sanders can be placed securely on the pedestal or mounted onto a tabletop.
Hand Held Belt Sanders
Hand held types of belt sanders have the continuous belt or loop of sandpaper extending over the double wheels. When engaging the drive wheel, the belt removes the stock as the belt spins. This is truly great for the first stage of sanding rough surfaces. Belt sanders can eliminate a large amount of material in a short time so that makes the speed adjustment essential for smooth easy work. This type of sander is also flexible and simple to work with.
Belt Sander Safety
Never use a sander unless you have a dust collector or exhaust system near the work area. Be sure to empty the dust collector before it is more than one quarter full.
This dust can quickly become a fire hazard and even an threaten an explosion. The issue of ventilating the area is also essential. Never press down too hard on the sander. Lighter pressure weighing down on the belt or disk sander is plenty for the majority of projects. Be sure that your stock is secured in order to hold the work firmly in place. Use clamps or stop blocks to secure the material. Never overreach and keep your balance and proper footing in place. Do not enclose the air vents of any sander.