The coffee making is basically the process of turning coffee beans into a beverage. The particular steps mandatory to prepare coffee differ with the kind of coffee preferred and with the raw material being used; the process is composed of subsequent four steps.
- First of all, raw coffee beans are roasted.
- Then roasted coffee beans are ground
- The ground coffee is afterward mixed with boiling water for a specific time.
- And as a finishing point the liquid coffee is separated from not needed grounds.
One should not consider ground coffee and instant coffee as the same. Both are different. Instant coffee differs in taste and composition from ground coffee. The advantages of Instant coffee are quickly preparation and less volume or weight that is required in order to prepare the same amount of drink. In particular, the percentage of caffeine in instant coffee is fewer, and harsh flavor components are further obvious.
If you want to taste a cup of coffee in its true sense then you should go for ground coffee and this should be prepared by the user immediately prior to drinking since this is the only way of getting a savory cup of coffee,let’s analyze why above mentioned four points are necessary to be followed to get a savory cup of coffee.
Roasting. It transforms the chemical and physical properties of green coffee beans into roasted coffee products. The roasting procedure is central to make a savory cup of coffee. When coffee beans are roasted, they get bigger to approximately twice to its original size change in color and density also occurs. When the bean gets warm, the color at last shifts to a rich dark brown.
Coffee can be roasted with common kitchen utensils (frying pan, grill, and oven) or by particular appliances. A coffee roaster is a special pan or equipment appropriate to heat up and cook green coffee beans.
Grinding. The excellence of grind powerfully affects brewing and this must be corresponding to the brewing technique in order to get the best results. At the other extreme, an exceedingly coarse grind will produce weak coffee except further is used. Ground coffee becomes inferior speedily than roasted because of the larger surface area of ground coffee is exposed to oxygen. Consequently many coffee drinkers grind the beans themselves immediately prior to brewing.
Brewing. Coffee can be brewed in more than a few dissimilar ways.
Brewed coffee reserved hot deteriorates speedily in flavor. Even at room temperature, deterioration occurs, on the other hand if it is reserved in an oxygen-free environment it can last for approximately an indefinite time.
Separation: Coffee is prepared by the combination of roasted and ground beans with hot water and then used grounds either remain behind or these could be separated from the cup or the jug. And coffee is ready to be sipped.
It is hereby imperative to be familiar with the fact that Coffee starts losing aroma and flavor if stored as the volatile components evaporate. Coffee beans are in general considered fresh up to 14 days following roasting. It is suggested to grind just prior to brewing with the purpose of getting best results. For that reason it is always better to pay money for a small amounts of coffee for use over a short period of time; it makes no difference what methods are used to safeguard roasted or ground coffee, aromas will still escape with the passage of time because there is no method that can store coffee lastingly without worsening of flavor. The finest plan is to purchase little amounts of coffee on every occasion and drink it as quickly as possible.